La nueva Ley del Medicamento: Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2015 de 24 de julio texto refundido de la Ley de Garantías y uso racional de los ... (Derecho - Biblioteca De Textos Legales)
visión de conjunto:Críticas Winner of the Reginald Zelnik Book Prize in History of the Association of Slavic East European and Eurasian StudiesWinner of the Canadian Association of Slavists/Taylor and Francis Book PrizeWinner of the American Association for Ukrainian Studies Book PrizeIn Stalinist Perpetrators on Trial Lynne Viola recounts statistics that still defy belief . . . Viola writes [in] words with renewed significance in today's politically volatile polarized climate. (Los Angeles Review of Books)[An] extraordinary terrifying account. Stalinist Perpetrators on Trial powerfully exposes the darkest workings of the NKVD the political police. (Times Literary Supplement)This book is exceptional among the voluminous scholarship on Stalin's terror. Lynne Viola has written a fascinating and valuable work. The voices of those hangmen who ultimately became victims of the terror as well as those they arrested provide a stark picture of the Great Terror. The author explores the banality of evil in the Stalinist context: from the daily routine of torture and murder emerges the familiar figure of the self-righteous criminal. (Oleg V. Khlevniuk author of Stalin: New Biography of a Dictator)A research tour de force from one of the leading historians of Stalinism shedding remarkable new light on what happened at the end of the Great Purges. A 'must read' for scholars and students of the Soviet period. (Sheila Fitzpatrick author of Everyday Stalinism)Stalinist Perpetrators draws back the curtain on how the Stalinist Terror actually operated (not just how the state ordered it but how it happened in provincial offices and prison cells. Her subject is the 'purge of the purgers' the trial and often execution of the men responsible for the Terror. The nature of her source material)The Stalinist purges of the late 1930s stand as one of the most horrific episodes of state terror in the twentieth century. Yet the perpetrators of those crimes have remained anonymous for many decades protected mainly by the rules of historical access in Russia. Now Lynne Viola working in Ukrainian archives provides the first remarkable study of the perpetrators. In this groundbreaking book we see for the first time who these individuals were their backgrounds what brought them to their position of life and death decisions what life was like for them and their families during such a time. Most important Viola examines with keen and dispassionate acumen how Stalin's murderers justified the torture and killing of hundreds of thousands of their fellow citizens. This is a disturbing book and one that needs to be read. (David Shearer author of Stalin and the Lubianka: A Documentary History of the Political Police and Security Organs in the Soviet Union 1922-1953)The story of Stalin's terror is well known except for one dimension: the fate of those among the tormentors who were themselves swept into the meat grinder. As well as lifting the cover from this less well-known part of the story Viola explains in great detail the interaction between what was commanded from above and what flowed from forces at the ground level. (Foreign Affairs) Reseña del editor Between the summer of 1937 and November 1938 the Stalinist regime arrested over 1.5 million people for counterrevolutionary and anti-Soviet activity and either summarily executed or exiled them to the Gulag. While we now know a great deal about the experience of victims of the Great Terror we know almost nothing about the lower- and middle-level Narodnyi Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del (NKVD) or secret police cadres who carried out Stalin's murderous policies. Unlike the postwar public trials of Nazi war criminals NKVD operatives were tried secretly. And what exactly happened in those courtrooms was unknown until now. In what has been dubbed the purge of the purgers almost one thousand NKVD officers were prosecuted by Soviet military courts. Scapegoated for violating Soviet law they were charged with multiple counts of fabrication of evidence falsification of interrogation protocols use of torture to secure confessions and murder during pre-trial detention of suspects - and many were sentenced to execution themselves. The documentation generated by these trials including verbatim interrogation records and written confessions signed by perpetrators; testimony by victims witnesses and experts; and transcripts of court sessions provides a glimpse behind the curtains of the terror. It depicts how the terror was implemented what happened and who was responsible demonstrating that orders from above worked in conjunction with a series of situational factors to shape the contours of state violence. Based on chilling and revelatory new archival documents from the Ukrainian secret police archives Stalinist Perpetrators on Trial illuminates the darkest recesses of Soviet repression ― the interrogation room the prison cell and the place of execution ― and sheds new light on those who carried out the Great Terror. Biografía del autor Lynne Viola is Professor of History at the University of Toronto. She is the author of The Unknown Gulag: The Lost World of Stalin's Special Settlements Peasant Rebels Under Stalin The Best Sons of the Fatherland co-editor of Russian Peasant Women and editor/co-editor of six other books. Viola is a recipient of the Thomas Henry Pentland Molson Prize from the Canada Council for the Arts.